Navigation systems and control of ships are increasingly dependent on information systems and mission-critical industrial control systems .
Spain ‘s government approved the strategy of national maritime cybersecurity in 2013 . This strategy states the following in his line of action 5 on improving cyber security in the maritime field :
“The essential characteristic of ICT in the maritime field requires specific actions established in the framework of cyber security so as to contribute to the improvement of national maritime safety standards .
It is necessary to promote a comprehensive approach to cybersecurity based on risk assessment and specific cyber threats for the maritime sector as well as in the identification of all critical assets in the sector . ”