The maritime sector is critical for the European society. In 2010 within Europe 52% of the goods traffic was carried by maritime transport.
Maritime activity increasingly relies on Information Communication and Technology (ICT) in order to optimize its operations.
ICT is increasingly used to enable essential maritime operations, from navigation to propulsion, from freight management to traffic control communications, etc.
Some of the recommendations in the ENISA report are:
- Cyber security awareness in the maritime sector is currently low, to non-existent
- Current maritime regulations and policies (IMO) consider only physical aspects of security and safety. Cyber security aspects should be added.
- It is recommended a holistic, risk-based approach; assessment of maritime specific cyber risks, as well as identification of all critical assets within this sector.
Referencce ENISA: http://www.enisa.europa.eu/activities/Resilience-and-CIIP/critical-infrastructure-and-services/dependencies-of-maritime-transport-to-icts/cyber-security-aspects-in-the-maritime-sector-1